Facing the "inactivation" phenomenon of traditional villages, the effective identification of village active types and the study of the leading factors of deactivation can provide a basis for further guidance of the protection and development of traditional villages. Based on the dual attributes of traditional villages both as "historical and cultural heritage sites" and "spots for rural production and daily life", this paper analyzed the connotation of liveliness of traditional villages and constructed the evaluation index system, which was composed of three factors: economic development (E
), social governance (S
), and cultural identity (C
). This paper took 16 traditional villages in Beijing as the research objects, and summarized the liveliness types and compared the main inactivation factors and characteristics of development coordination degree of different types of villages. Results show that the problem of deactivation is more common among traditional villages in Beijing, however, the degree of deactivation varies. Among the types of traditional village liveliness, type Ⅰ villages are significantly influenced by the social governance factor (S
), type Ⅱ villages are significantly influenced by the economic development factor (E
), and type Ⅲ villages are significantly influenced by the combination of three types of factors (E
). The level of coordinated development of the three types of villages shows the characteristics of type Ⅲ > type Ⅱ > type Ⅰ, indicating that type Ⅰ villages are the most coordinated in all dimensions of liveliness.