于昭, 苟赢瑞, 吕迪, 高艳霞, 赵之枫. 基于个体视角下的中国小城镇公共服务能力与影响因素[J]. 北京工业大学学报, 2023, 49(10): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11936/bjutxb2023020032
    引用本文: 于昭, 苟赢瑞, 吕迪, 高艳霞, 赵之枫. 基于个体视角下的中国小城镇公共服务能力与影响因素[J]. 北京工业大学学报, 2023, 49(10): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11936/bjutxb2023020032
    YU Zhao, GOU Yingrui, LÜ Di, GAO Yanxia, ZHAO Zhifeng. Public Service Capability of Small Towns in Attracting Hinterland Villagers in China[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Technology, 2023, 49(10): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11936/bjutxb2023020032
    Citation: YU Zhao, GOU Yingrui, LÜ Di, GAO Yanxia, ZHAO Zhifeng. Public Service Capability of Small Towns in Attracting Hinterland Villagers in China[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Technology, 2023, 49(10): 1039-1049. doi: 10.11936/bjutxb2023020032

    基于个体视角下的中国小城镇公共服务能力与影响因素

    Public Service Capability of Small Towns in Attracting Hinterland Villagers in China

    • 摘要: 基于2016年全国小城镇一手调查数据, 采用描述统计、多水平回归模型等方法, 从农村居民出行视角, 分析中国小城镇公共服务能力的整体特征与影响因素。结果发现, 小城镇仍是为农村居民提供各类日常生活服务的主要服务地, 在农业生产、日常物资供应、初级医疗等基础服务中发挥着重要作用。随着商品或服务等级提升, 小城镇的公共服务能力减弱, 尤其体现在医疗服务不足。偏远地区、山区、经济欠发达的弱势地区农村居民对小城镇公共服务的依赖性更强, 但使用频率更低。提高村-镇公交服务水平、镇区购物选择多样性、就业机会和医疗服务质量可进一步强化小城镇对农村居民的服务能力。针对出行能力有限的低收入和弱势群体的专门化服务应予以更多关注。

       

      Abstract: Based on quantitative analysis employing a national-level survey data of small towns in 2016, the characteristics and influencing factors of the public service capacity of small towns in China were analyzed from the perspective of villagers' travel behavior. Results show that small towns are still the main service destinations providing various types of daily public services to hinterland villagers. It plays an important role in basic services such as agricultural production, daily supply of goods and primary medical services. As the level of goods or services rises, the public service capacity of small towns decreases, particularly in terms of inadequate higher-level medical services. Enhancing village-town bus services, shopping options, employment opportunities and the quality of healthcare services tend to strengthen the role of small towns in serving their villagers. More attention should be given to specialized services for low-income and disadvantaged groups with limited travel capacity.

       

    /

    返回文章
    返回